1527 – First pumps for water supply

There was practicaly no improvment in water supply systems in midle ages. In Germany, water works were constructed in 1412 and pumps were introduces in 1527 in Hanover. Franciscan monk constructed aqueduct of Zempola in Mexico in the middle of 16th century. In 1582, a pump was erected on the Old London bridge for the…

1496 – Bathing prohibited at Nuremberg

For some strange reason the myth continues that people in the Renaissance were dirty, slovenly people killed off by plagues because they never bathed. Nothing could be further from the truth in the Germanic part of the Holy Roman Empire, especially in the Imperial City of Nuremberg, were personal cleanliness was highly prized. As a…

1350 – First sanitary police program

In France, in 1350, King John II established the first Sanitary Police and this has been considered the commencement of sanitary reform. The ordinance provided that hogs should not be kept in the cities; that streets should be cleansed, and the offal removed; that butchers should not sell meat more than two days old in…

1273 – First smoke abatement law

Actually, however, recorded agitation about smoke began in England. In 1257 when Queen Eleanor moved from Nottingham to Tutbury Castle. As recounted, she told her husband, King Henry III, she could no longer stand the “unendurable smoke of the sea coal.” Translated, that means she couldn’t stand the neighbors’ burning bituminous coal. As a result…

643 – Compensation for injuries

The Edictum Rothari was the first written compilation of Lombard law, codified and promulgated 22 November 643 by King Rothari. The Edict was written down by one Ansoald, not a bishop or lawyer, but a scribe of Lombard origin. It was affirmed by a gairethinx convened by Rothari in 643. The gairethinx was a gathering of the army that passed the law by clashing…