1912 – The U. S. Public Health Service began its studies on typhoid fever in rural areas

Frequent explosive outbreaks of typhoid fever in urban areas and the high morbidity and mortality rates in cities attributed to water supplies forced the nation’s attention in the early 1900s to the pollution of rivers and lakes. Congress enacted a law in 1912 authorizing the Public Health Service to conduct investigations of pollution of navigable…

1912 – County Health Department

Robeson County, North Carolina established the first strictly rural county health department in the Uniteted States.  The county health movement was a direct outgrowth of measures carried on from 1910 to 1915 against hookworm, typhoid fever, and other diseases. Guilford County in 1911 became the first county in the state to establish a health department. On…

1910 – Standard Methods for the Examination of milk (1st Ed.)

Publication of the first edition of Standard  Methods for the Examination of milk by the American Public Health Association. Standard Methods for the Bacterial Examination of Milk by Committees of the Laboratory Section, American Public Health Association includes: Collection of Samples. Technique and Apparatus Method of making Apparatus. Technique Incubation and Counting Milk Sediments Special Bacteria and…

1909 – The Rockefeller Commission was established to rid the South of hookworm

The Rockefeller Sanitary Commission for the Eradication of Hookworm Disease (RSC) was a separate organization created to eradicate hookworm disease in the American South. The work of the RSC was the first major attempt at disease eradication, and it provided a model for future work of the Rockefeller Foundation (RF) and its associated organizations, like the International…

1908 – First large scale use of chlorination by the Jersey City

In 1908, chlorine chemistry’s germ-defeating properties were demonstrated in drinking water in two very different settings in the United States. First, chlorination transformed animal feed water, drawn from a highly polluted stream in Chicago’s Union Stockyards, into a product that exceeded the purity of city water. Days later, in Jersey City, chlorinated water was supplied…

1906 – Pure Food and Drugs Act

The Food and Drug Administration is the oldest comprehensive consumer protection agency in the U. S. federal government. Its origins can be traced back to the appointment of Lewis Caleb Beck in the Patent Office around 1848 to carry out chemical analyses of agricultural products, a function that the newly created Department of Agriculture inherited…

1904 – Anemia in rural areas

In 1904 when Governor Hunt lobbied for funds to establish the first Puerto Rico Anemia Commission, thereby introducing a new administration in rural areas. The campaign appealed to many physicians pre-existing interest in regenerating rural jibaros and by implication, intervening in a variety of economic and political relationships that were compromised by the hurricane and…

1900 – Public Health Institute NIŠ

The Royal Pasteur Institute started its work in Niš, under military management, in separate building, as the first preventive care institution in the Balkans in June 1900, (only ten years after the founding of the Pasteur Institute in Paris). It was established visionary in order to involve local experts to start production of animal lymph,…

1900 – Imhoff tank

The Imhoff tank obtained its name from its inventor, Dr. Karl Imhoff of Germany. The technology was developed in the Emscher District of Germany and patented in 1906 by Dr. Imhoff. The first plant was put into operation two years later. From the information available, it can be discerned that Imhoff Tanks were an acceptable…