1399 - 1300United Kingdom

Richard II was the king responsible for the first ‘urban sanitary act’ in 1388. Before this the cities and towns were responsible for their own hygiene, now there was a centrally legislated act to force them into line. The first English Sanitary Act dealt with offal and slaughter houses; prohibited the casting of animal filth and refuse into rivers or ditches, and corrupting of the Air.



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