1904 – Anemia in rural areas

In 1904 when Governor Hunt lobbied for funds to establish the first Puerto Rico Anemia Commission, thereby introducing a new administration in rural areas. The campaign appealed to many physicians pre-existing interest in regenerating rural jibaros and by implication, intervening in a variety of economic and political relationships that were compromised by the hurricane and…

1900 – Public Health Institute NIŠ

The Royal Pasteur Institute started its work in Niš, under military management, in separate building, as the first preventive care institution in the Balkans in June 1900, (only ten years after the founding of the Pasteur Institute in Paris). It was established visionary in order to involve local experts to start production of animal lymph,…

1900 – Imhoff tank

The Imhoff tank obtained its name from its inventor, Dr. Karl Imhoff of Germany. The technology was developed in the Emscher District of Germany and patented in 1906 by Dr. Imhoff. The first plant was put into operation two years later. From the information available, it can be discerned that Imhoff Tanks were an acceptable…

1900 – Ringelmann chart

Municipalities began using the Ringelmann Chart to measure coal smoke in the early 1900s. The technique, developed by Maximillian Ringelmann of France in the late 1800s, measured the darkness of smoke with four different black grids on a white background, which was placed a distance away from smokestacks for a set time. Smoke control efforts…

1895 – Arthur Looss showed that hookworm entered the body by way of the skin

Arthur Looss was sent by Rudolf Leuckart to Egypt to study the transmission of bilharzia, where he became accidentally infected with hookworm, and in so doing discovered the method by which the larvae penetrate the skin. He spilt some larval culture onto his hand in 1896, while dropping it into the mouths of guinea pigs; observing the irritation this caused to his skin,…

1894 – First Health Diagnostic Bacteriological Laboratory in the United States.

The Louisiana State  Board of Health established the first State Board of Health Diagnostic Bacteriological Laboratory in the United States. Louisiana became the first state to create a bacteriological laboratory on April 15, 1894 under the direction of Dr. Paul E. Archinard. The bacteriological laboratory was located in the City Hall Annex building which then stood at…