1888 – Dr. Andrija Štampar

Poznati hrvatski liječnik dr. Andrija Štampar rođen je 1. rujna 1888. godine u Brodskom Drenovcu. Medicinu je diplomirao u Beču 1911. godine nakon čega je radio kao općinski liječnik u Novoj Gradiški, a potom kao zdravstveni savjetnik Povjereništva za socijalnu skrb Narodnoga vijeća u Zagrebu. Od 1919. do 1930. godine djelovao je kao načelnik higijenskog…

1887 – Sergei Winogradsky – Pioneer in Environmental Microbiology

Sergei Winogradsky founded microbial ecology and he was a founding father of microbiology. In an unusually long scientific career, he: Discovered chemosynthesis– an entirely new mode of life, in which the energy to build organic molecules comes from chemical reactions rather than from sunlight in the more familiar photosynthesis. We now know there are a great many…

1881 – The Alkali Act

The Alkali Act was passed in Great Britain to regulate pollution connected with the production of superphosphates. The Alkali Act regime was overhauled and expanded in the Alkali & c. Works Regulation Act 1881, which, significantly, placed responsibility for the system into the hands of the local Government Board. This made the context in which this facet…

1881 – Evidence of relationship between milk and typhoid fever, scarlet fever and diphtheria reported

In 1881 at the International Medical Congress held in London, Hart, who was then President of the British Medical Association, gave an influential paper that sketched a decade’s worth of epidemiological research that linked typhoid fever, scarlet fever, and diphtheria to milk. He had a professional interest in giving the talk because he sought to…

1880 – Carlos Finlay described the relationship of the Aedes aegypti mosquito to yellow fever transmission

In the 19th century, Cuba and other tropical areas were plagued with several diseases that typically struck in large outbreaks. One of the worst tropical diseases was yellow fever. If a canal was to be built between the two oceans, somebody had to figure out how to stop yellow fever from spreading, and that meant first understanding…