1860 – Ann Marie Jarvis

She noted the exceptionally high infant mortality rate in Taylor County, WV; seven of her eleven children died of communicable disease. She organized Mothers Day Work Clubs through churches in five local towns to provide medicine for the indigent, inspection of milk for wholesomeness, and care for children of tubercular mothers. She asked area physicians…

1859 – Florence Nightengale

“The Apostle of Cleanliness”
Studied death rate from communicable diseases (principally cholera and typhus) among wounded British soldiers during the Crimean War (1855). Statistically proved that improvements in sanitation at hospitals led to a decrease in the death rate. Human health is first linked to environmentalconditions

1854 – Dr. John Snow

Studied the geographic distribution of cholera deaths in London during the 1854 epidemic. Concluded that people who drank water from the Soho District Broad Street pump were more likely to get cholera. Removed the pump handle and stopped the epidemic. Contamination came from a “Dolphin” located downstream of a sewer outfall

1850 – Lemuel Shattuck

Lemuel Shattuck was born in 1793 in Ashby, Massachusetts. His first career was as a teacher, and he moved westward with the wave of migration in 1817. Afflicted with poor health, he returned to the family home in Concord in 1822, where he became active in civic affairs. He had the strong conviction that collection…

1850 – Prvi podaci o zdravstvu i sanitarnim propisima u fondovima Arhiva Bosne i Hercegovine

Najstariji podaci o zdravstvu u arhivu Bosne i Hercegovine mogu se pronaći u arhivskoj građi austrougarskog Generalnog konzulat Sarajevo i nejmu podređenih konzulata, vice-konzulata i konzularnih agencija. Djelovanje ovih ustanova odvijalo se u vremenu od 1850. godine.   Refernce: Zbornik radova, Izvori za prikupljanje i istraživanje podataka o zdravstvenoj i socijalnoj kulturi sa posebnim osvrtom…

1848 – The Public Health Act

The 1848 Public Health Act was the first step on the road to improved public health.  One of the individuals who played an important role in its creation was Edwin Chadwick, a social reformer. He considered that the most important steps to improve the health of the public were: • improved drainage and provision of sewers • the…

1847 – Dr Milan Jovanović Batut

Dr Milan Jovanović Batut je jedinstveni i neprevaziđen zdravstveni prosvetitelj i vasptač, koji je snagom svog morala, talenta, uma, truda, upornosti i istrajnosti ostvario je dela neprolazne vrednosti. Po sopstvenom priznanjiu, svoj život je podredio narodu. Ne samo svom. Bio je i ostao omiljeni učitelj zdravlja. Rođen je 1847. god u Sremskoj Mitrovic, a umro…

1842 – Edwin Chadwick

After the influenza and typhoid epidemics in 1837 and 1838, Edwin Chadwick was asked by the government to carry out a new enquiry into sanitation. His report, The Sanitary Conditions of the LabouringPopulationwas published in 1842. Chadwick argued that disease was directly related to living conditions and that there was a desperate need for public…